An “Office of Intelligence” is hereby established in the Bureau of Navigation for the purpose of collecting and recording such naval information as may be useful to the Department in time of war, as well as in peace.
To facilitate this work, the Department Library will be combined with the “Office of Intelligence,” and placed under the direction of the Chief of the Bureau of Navigation.
Commanding and all other officers are directed to avail themselves of all opportunities which may arise to collect and to forward to the “Office of Intelligence” professional matters likely to serve the object in view.
ONI's position as the naval intelligence arm began in earnest when the United States declared war on Spain in 1898 in response to the sinking of the U.S. battleship Maine in the harbor of Spanish-controlled Havana, Cuba. ONI's powers grew as it became responsible for the "protection of Navy Personnel, censorship and the ferreting out of spies and saboteurs."
In 1929, the Chief of Naval Operations made these functions the permanent duties of ONI. During World War II, Naval Intelligence became responsible for the translation, evaluation and dissemination of intercepted Japanese communications, and its budget and staff grew significantly. While other parts of the Navy were downsized after the war, Fleet Admiral Nimitz ensured ONI's continued strength, which was to prove important during the Cold War.o prove important during the Cold War.
|United States Navy |
Director of Naval Intelligence
VADM David J. Dorsett
since: July 1, 2008
|First||Theodorus B. M. Mason|
- Note: Prior to 1911 the head of the ONI was known as the Chief Intelligence Officer.
- Lt. Theodorus B.M. Mason (June 1882 – April 1885)
- Lt. Raymond P. Rodgers (April 1885 – July 1889)
- Cmdr. Charles H. Davis, Jr. (September 1889 – August 1892)
- Cmdr. French E. Chadwick (September 1892 – June 1893)
- Lt. Frederick Singer (June 1893 – April 1896)
- Lt. Cmdr. Richard Wainwright (April 1896 – November 1897)
- Cmdr. Richardson Clover (November 1897 – May 1898)
- Capt. John R. Bartlett (May 1898 – October 1898)
- Cmdr. Richardson Clover (reappointed) (October 1898 – February 1900)
- Capt. Charles D. Sigsbee (February 1900 – April 1903)
- Cmdr. Seaton Schroeder (May 1903 – April 1906)
- Capt. Raymond P. Rodgers (reappointed) (April 1906 – May 1909)
- Capt. Charles E. Vreeland (May 1909 – December 1909)
- Capt. Templin M. Potts (December 1909 – January 1912)
- Capt. Thomas S. Rodgers (January 1912 – December 1913)
- Capt. Henry F. Bryan (December 1913 – January 1914)
- Capt. James H. Oliver (January 1914 – March 1917)
- Rear Adm. Roger Welles Jr. (April 1917 – January 1919)
- Rear Adm. Albert P. Niblack (May 1919 – September 1920)
- Rear Adm. Andrew T. Long (September 1920 – June 1921)
- Capt. Luke McNamee (September 1921 – November 1923)
- Rear Adm. Henry H. Hough (December 1923 – September 1925)
- Capt. William W. Galbraith (October 1925 – June 1926)
- Capt. Arthur J. Hepburn (July 1926 – September 1927)
- Capt. Alfred W. Johnson (December 1927 – June 1930)
- Capt. Harry A. Baldridge (June 1930 – May 1931
- Capt. Hayne Ellis (June 1931 – May 1934)
- Capt. William D. Puleston (June 1934 – April 1937)
- Rear Adm. Ralston S. Hughes (May 1937 – June 1939)
- Rear Adm. Walter S. Anderson (June 1939 – January 1941)
- Capt. Jules James (January 1941 – February 1941)
- Adm. Alan G. Kirk (March 1941 – October 1941)
- Rear Adm. Theodore S. Wilkinson (October 1941 – July 1942)
- Rear Adm. Harold C. Train (July 1942 – September 1943)
- Rear Adm. Roscoe E. Schuirmann September 1943 – October 1944)
- Rear Adm. Leo H. Thebaud (October 1944 – September 1945)
- Rear Adm. Thomas B. Inglis (September 1945 – September 1949)
- Rear Adm. Felix L. Johnson (September 1949 – June 1952)
- Rear Adm. Richard F. Stout (July 1952 – November 1952)
- Rear Adm. Carl F. Espe (December 1952 – May 1956)
- Rear Adm. Laurence H. Frost (June 1956 – September 1960)
- Rear Adm. Vernon L. Lowrance (September 1960 – June 1963)
- Rear Adm. Rufus L. Taylor (June 1963 – May 1966)
- Capt. Maurice H. Rindskopf (May 1966 – July 1966)
- Rear Adm. Eugene B. Fluckey (July 1966 – June 1968)
- Capt. Frank M. Murphy (June 1968 – August 1968)
- Rear Adm. Frederick J. Harlfinger II (August 1968 – July 1971)
- Vice Adm. Earl F. Rectanus (July 1971 – September 1974)
- Rear Adm. Bobby Ray Inman (September 1974 – July 1976)
- Rear Adm. Donald P. Harvey (July 1976 – August 1978)
- Rear Adm. Sumner Shapiro (August 1978 – August 1982)
- Rear Adm. John L. Butts (August 1982 – September 1985)
- Rear Adm. William O. Studeman (September 1985 – July 1988)
- Rear Adm. Thomas A. Brooks (July 1988 – August 1991)
- Rear Adm. Edward D. Sheafer, Jr. (August 1991 – September 1994)
- Rear Adm. Michael W. Cramer (September 1994 – May 1997)
- Mr. Paul Lowell (Acting) (May 1997 – November 1997)
- Rear Adm. Lowell E. Jacoby (November 1997 – June 1999)
- Rear Adm. Perry M. Ratliff (June 1999 – March 2000)
- Mr. Paul Lowell (March 2000 – August 2000)
- Rear Adm. Richard B. Porterfield (August 2000 – April 2005)
- Rear Adm. Robert B. Murrett (April 2005 – July 2006)
- Rear Adm. Tony L. Cothron (July 2006 – July 2008)
- Vice Adm. David J. Dorsett (July 2008 – )
- Packard, Wyman H. (1996). Century of U.S. Naval Intelligence. Naval Historical Center. ISBN 0-945274-25-4.
ΠΡΟΣΘΗΚΗ ΑΠΟ ΑΝΤΙ ΜΕΤΑΤΡΟΝ:
l. ron. habbard Military career
In 1941, Hubbard entered the navy and served a public relations role. He was able to skip the initial officer rank of Ensign and was commissioned a Lieutenant, Junior Grade for service in the Office of Naval Intelligence. He was unsuccessful there, and after some difficulty with other assignments found himself in charge of a 173-foot (53 m) submarine chaser.
In May 1943, while taking the USS PC-815 on her shakedown cruise to San Diego, Hubbard attacked what he believed to be two enemy submarines, ten miles (16 km) off the coast of Oregon. The battle took two days and involved at least four other US vessels plus two blimps, summoned for reinforcements and resupply. Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher, Commander Northwest Sea Frontier concluded after reviewing trip data and other captains' accounts that there were no submarines in the area at the time. Hubbard and Tom Moulton, one of the ship's officers, subsequently said that the authorities' denials of any Japanese submarine presence off the Pacific coast had been motivated by a desire to avoid panic among the U.S. population.
In June 1943, Hubbard was relieved of command after anchoring PC-815 off the Coronado Islands, which is Mexican territory. There, he conducted unauthorised gunnery practice. An official complaint from Mexican authorities, coupled with his failure to return to base as ordered, led to a Board of Investigation. It was determined that Hubbard had disregarded orders, and he was given the punishment of a formal warning and was transferred to other duties. Since this was the third leadership position Hubbard had lost during his tenure, he was not given command authority on his next assignment. It was later reported that Hubbard had been relieved of command twice, and was the subject of negative reports from his superiors on several occasions. He won some praise, being described as a "capable and energetic" officer, "if temperamental", an "above-average navigator", and as possessing "excellent personal and military character".
Lafayette Ronald "L. Ron" Hubbard (March 13, 1911 – January 24, 1986) was an American science fiction author who developed a self-help system called Dianetics which was first published in 1950. Over the following three decades Hubbard developed his self-help ideas into a wide-ranging set of doctrines and rituals as part of a new religion he called Scientology. Hubbard's writings became the guiding texts for the Church of Scientology and a number of affiliated organizations that address such diverse topics as business administration, literacy and drug rehabilitation.
Hubbard was a controversial public figure, and many details of his life are still disputed. Official Scientology biographies present him as a "larger-than-life" figure whose career is studded with admirable accomplishments in an astonishing array of fields. Many of these claims are disputed by former Scientologists and researchers not connected with Scientology, who have written accounts that are sharply critical of Hubbard...http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L._Ron_Hubbard#Military_career