The plan of the Illuminati, exercised through the mouthpiece of the French "Philosophes", the most prominent of which, Rousseau, Voltaire, Montesqieu, were all Freemasons, was to discredit Christianity, and to call for its replacement with the rule of "Liberty". Originally, the concept of "liberty" was devised by the Illuminati, and based on its Gnostic conception of reality, meant freedom not only from religion, but from God. Essentially, the Gnostics of the Illuminati believed that there is no God, but that, based on a Kabbalistic conception of the universe, it is man who progresses through time to become God, and find reality through his own use of "reason". And therefore, the Enlightenment is also known as the Age of Reason.
Although the influence of the Masons on the French Revolution of 1789 has been denied by mainstream scholars, it is evident that they exercised an influence on its symbolism. In France, the intellectual activities of famous Freemasons such as Volaire, Jean-Jasques Rousseau and Montesqieu, contributed to a philosophical movement, referred to as the Enlightenment, which helped to stir resentments that led to the revolution. The Phrygian cap of the Mithraic mysteries, known as the Bonnet Rouge, became the emblem of the revolutionaries and the Masonic tenets of Equality, Liberty and Fraternity their rallying cry. Mirabeau, one of the founders of the Revolution, allegedly said when the Bastille was stormed, "the idolatry of the monarchy has received a death blow from the sons and daughters of the Order of the Templars."